is the capital of the Aswan Governorate. It is one of the most
important cities for Nubia, the civilization area, which has long
been the southern gateway to Egypt. Aswan is located on the eastern
bank of the Nile at the first waterfall. It linked to Cairo with a
railway, desert and agricultural roads, Nile boats, and local
flights. The population of Aswan Egypt is approximately 900,000
citizens. Aswan is linked to Wadi Halfa by a road through Qustal
cross, which opened in 2014.
Aswan Egypt and its surroundings are a tourist and archaeological
area, where the number of foreign tourists, especially from Europe
and East Asia, is increasing. The most important tourist landmarks
of Aswan Egypt are the island of Alfantin. It is an island located
in front of Aswan and is known in Egyptian texts as "Abu". Its
meaning is the tooth of an elephant. It is named in Greek with
“Alfantin”. It was the center of trade. The island includes the
Khenom temple in addition to the existence of the scale of the Nile,
the tomb of the Holy Ram, the gate of King Amenhotep II, Trinity,
Satt, and Anat.
Aswan Egypt The tomb of Aghakhan is located on a
plateau on the west bank of the Nile River opposite the southern
part of the botanical garden. It was built by Muhammad Shah
al-Husseini Aghakhan III, a magnificent tomb of limestone and
marble. He was buried in it in 1959 in his will. This tomb is
inspired by the design of the Egyptian Fatimid tombs.
The old Cataract Hotel
The Museum of Nubia opened in
November 1997. The opening ceremony was attended by the presidents
of a number of friendly countries that participated in saving the
ruins of Nubia. The museum displays more than 5000 archaeological
artifacts from ancient Nubia.
The importance of Aswan Egypt began
in the era of the ancient state, which was the southern border of
the country. It was the center for gathering the armies in the
Middle Ages to try to extend their rule in the south.
Aswan Egypt It also played a crucial role in the
fight against the Hyksos. The island of Philo, the home of the god
Isis, took the Ptolemies' attention so that they completed its great
temple. The Romans also built Pharaonic temples to bring them closer
to the Egyptians. Examples of these temples include a small temple
on the island of Philo, erected by Emperor Trajan.
When Christianity became the official
religion of the country in the fifth century AD, most of the temples
of the pharaohs became churches. The island of Phila was the center
of one of the bishoprics which led to the spread of Christianity
southward towards Nubia in Egypt and Sudan.
Since the spread of Islam and its
appearance, many writings have been found in Kufic script dating
back to the first century AH. Aswan flourished in the Islamic era in
the tenth century AD.
Aswan Egypt It was also an important cultural
center in the sixth and seventh centuries AH. It had three schools.
The oldest one was Aswan school, Sefia School, and the star
school in Aswan Egypt. Mohammed Ali
established the first military school also in Egypt in 1837 A.D.