is the second capital of Egypt and its title is "Bride of
the Mediterranean". It was the capital of Egypt in the
ancient periods. It is the capital of Alexandria province
and its biggest city. It is located on the coast of the
Mediterranean Sea about 55 km northwest of the Nile Delta,
bordered in the north by the Mediterranean Sea and Lake
Mariout in the south till 71 Kilo on the Cairo-Alexandria
Desert Road, bordered in the east by the Abu Qir Gulf and
the city of Edko, and the area of Sidi Krier in the west
until 30 km on the Alexandria-Matruh highway.
Alexandria Egypt has many landmarks, including Egypt's
largest seaports (Alexandria Port and Dekheila Port). The
city has about 80% of Egypt's total imports and exports.
Alexandria Egypt It has also the Alexandria Library which has
more than 8 million books. Also, Alexandria includes various
museums and archeological places such as Qaitbay Citadel,
pillar of masts, and other places. The population of
Alexandria Egypt is around 4,123,869 citizens according to
the statics 2006. People work in the agriculture, industrial
and commercial fields in Alexandria. It divides into 9
administrative suburbs. They are El Montazh First suburb, El
Montazh Second suburb, East suburb, Middle Suburb, West
suburb, El Gomrok Suburb, El Agamy Suburb, Ameriah First
suburb, and Amirah Second suburb.
The establishment of
Alexandria Egypt began in 332 B.C. by Great
Alexander. This was done by filling part of the water
separating between a stretched island in front of the main
coast, called "Pharos" which has an old port, and a small
village called "Raktos" or "Rkoda" surrounded by other small
villages which also spread between the sea and Lake Mariout.
It was taken by Great Alexander and his successor as a
capital of Egypt for around thousand years, until the
Islamic conquest of Egypt by Amr ibn al-Aas in 641 A.D.
Alexandria has been known and are famous throughout history
with many landmarks such as the Old Library of Alexandria
which includes more than 700,000 volumes and are famous also
with the Alexandria Lighthouse, which was considered one of
the seven wonders of the world. This is because of its great
height of up to about 120 meters. It remained until was
destroyed by a strong earthquake in