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PICTURES FROM EGYPT - ALEXANDRIA

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Alexandria Egypt

Alexandria Egypt

Alexandria Egypt

The History of Alexandria

Alexandria, one of the most famous cities of the ancient world, was founded by Alexander the Great in 332 BCE [1]. After the start of his Persian campaign, Alexander intended for Alexandria to be the capital of his new Egyptian dominion and a naval base for his fleet [2]. According to Plutarch's account of Alexandria's construction, Alexander himself was responsible for the city's foundation [3]. The city was named after Alexander and was designed to be a center of Greek culture in Egypt. Alexandria quickly became a major center of commerce and learning, attracting scholars, philosophers, and scientists from all over the ancient world [4].

During the Hellenistic era, Alexandria was the intellectual and cultural center of the ancient Mediterranean [5]. Greek culture was introduced throughout the region during this period, and Alexandria played a key role in spreading Hellenistic culture. The city was home to the famous Library of Alexandria, which was the largest and most important library of the ancient world [6]. The library housed a vast collection of books and manuscripts, and it was a center of scholarship and research for centuries [7]. Alexandria was also renowned for its art and architecture, including the Pharos lighthouse, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World [8].

 

Alexandria Egypt

Alexandria's decline began with the Roman conquest of Egypt in 30 BCE [1]. The city became a province of the Roman Empire and lost much of its autonomy and cultural influence. Despite this, Alexandria remained an important center of trade and commerce for several centuries [8]. However, changes to international trade routes in the late 15th century led to the decline of the city's port [9]. Today, Alexandria is still a major city in Egypt and is known for its rich history and cultural heritage.

The Cultural Significance of Alexandria

Alexandria, Egypt, is a city of great cultural significance, known for its rich history and contributions to science, philosophy, and architecture. One of the most famous landmarks of Alexandria was the Great Library of Alexandria, which was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world [10]. The Library was part of a research institute known as the "Museum" and held over half a million documents from various civilizations, making it a center for scholarship and learning [11]. The Library's loss is considered one of the greatest tragedies of the ancient world, as it contained vast amounts of knowledge that were lost forever [7]. However, the Library's legacy lives on, and its impact on the world of knowledge and learning is still felt today [12].

Alexandria Egypt

Another architectural wonder of Alexandria was the Pharos Lighthouse, which was built on the island of Pharos off the coast of Alexandria [13]. The Lighthouse was a towering structure made of stone and was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World [14]. It served as a beacon for sailors and was a symbol of Alexandria's power and wealth [15]. The Lighthouse's ruins can still be seen in the port of Alexandria, serving as a reminder of the city's glorious past [16][17].

Alexandria Egypt

Alexandria's influence on science and philosophy was significant, and it was a center for learning and scholarship during ancient times. The city was renowned for its medical tradition, and it was there that anatomy was first studied [18]. Alexandria was also a center for religious and philosophical thought, and it was home to many great philosophers and theologians, such as Origen [19][20]. The blending of Greek and Oriental influences, its favorable situation and commercial resources, and the city's educated upper classes made Alexandria a remarkable center of learning [21]. Alexandria's contributions to science, philosophy, and architecture have had a lasting impact on the world, and its legacy continues to inspire scholars and thinkers to this day [22].

Alexandria Today

 

Alexandria, named after Alexander the Great, is one of the most important cities in Egypt. With a population of 4.1 million, it is the second-largest city in Egypt after Cairo and the country's largest seaport, serving in excess of 50% of Egypt's imports and exports [23][24]. Alexandria is also considered to be Egypt's second capital because of its historical importance and population [25]. The city has played a pivotal role in Mediterranean trade since its foundation in 332 BC by Alexander the Great [6]. Today, Alexandria still functions as one of the most important cities in Egypt alongside Cairo, as a center of commerce, transportation, and traveling in Egypt [26].

Alexandria Egypt

Alexandria is a popular tourist destination, offering a variety of attractions. Visitors can stroll along the King Street Mile, enjoy a sightseeing cruise or water taxi, and experience history where it happened in Old Town Alexandria [27]. The city is also home to several museums, including the Alexandria National Museum and the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, which is a modern library and cultural center that commemorates the ancient Library of Alexandria [28][29]. Other popular attractions include Fort Qaitbey, Kom el-Dikka, and the Catacombs of Kom el-Shuqqafa [30][31]. With its rich history and diverse attractions, Alexandria offers something for everyone.

 

Alexandria's role in Egyptian politics and economy is significant. The city has been a center of Hellenic scholarship and science, preserving and transmitting Hellenic culture to the wider Mediterranean world [32]. Alexandria has also played an important role in the Egyptian economy, serving as a hub for trade and commerce. The city's seaport is a major economic center, and its location on the Mediterranean coast makes it an important gateway to Europe and the Middle East [9][23][24]. As a result, Alexandria's political and economic influence extends beyond its borders, making it a vital city in the region.

References

1. Alexandria - Alexander the Great, Ptolemaic Dynasty, and .... (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.britannica.com/place/Alexandria-Egypt/History
2. History of Alexandria. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Alexandria
3. How Alexander Built Alexandria — The Myth and Legend. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.wondriumdaily.com/how-alexander-built-alexandria/
4. Alexandria and the Hellenistic World. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.moyak.com/papers/ancient-alexandria.html
5. HELLENISTIC PERIOD AND ALEXANDRIA (323 B.C. to 31 .... (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from factsanddetails.com/world/cat56/sub366/item2035.html
6. Alexandria. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexandria
7. The rise and fall of the Great Library of Alexandria. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.livescience.com
8. Alexandria, Egypt. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.worldhistory.org/alexandria/
9. Alexandria | Silk Roads Programme. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from en.unesco.org/silkroad/content/alexandria
10. Library of Alexandria. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Alexandria
11. The Burning of the Library of Alexandria - eHISTORY. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from ehistory.osu.edu/articles/burning-library-alexandria
12. Library of Alexandria | Description, Facts, & Destruction. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.britannica.com/topic/Library-of-Alexandria
13. Lighthouse of Alexandria | History, Location, & Facts. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.britannica.com/topic/lighthouse-of-Alexandria
14. Lighthouse of Alexandria. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lighthouse_of_Alexandria
15. The lighthouse of Alexandria. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.wonders-of-the-world.net
16. Lighthouse of Alexandria - The Ancient Wonder .... (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from artincontext.org/lighthouse-of-alexandria/
17. Lighthouse of Alexandria. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.worldhistory.org/Lighthouse_of_Alexandria/
18. Philosophy of science and medicine series — IV. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from hekint.org
19. 10 Reasons The Ancient City Of Alexandria Was An .... (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.thecollector.com
20. The School of Alexandria And Philosophical Attitudes. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.copticchurch.net
21. Alexandrian school. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexandrian_school
22. Origen of Alexandria (185—254 CE). (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from iep.utm.edu/origen-of-alexandria/
23. Alexandria. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Alexandria
24. Alexandria population, economy, gdp, technology and facts. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.citiesabc.com/city/alexandria/
25. Timeline of Alexandria History. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.memphistours.com
26. WHKMLA : Alexandria: A Center of Interregional Trade and .... (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.zum.de/whkmla/sp/1213/champollionjr/kdy1.html
27. Top 18 Things to Do in Old Town, Alexandria, Va. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from visitalexandria.com
28. 18 Top-Rated Attractions & Things to Do in Alexandria. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.planetware.com
29. 17 Best Things to Do in Alexandria (for First-Time Visitors!). (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from virginiatraveltips.com/things-to-do-in-alexandria/
30. 6 Best Places To Visit In Alexandria One Must .... (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from traveltriangle.com/blog/places-to-visit-in-alexandria/
31. THE 15 BEST Things to Do in Alexandria - TripAdvisor. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.tripadvisor.com
32. Alexandria | History, Population, Map, & Facts. (n.d.) Retrieved June 15, 2024, from www.britannica.com/place/Alexandria-Egypt

Alexandria Egypt

Alexandria Egypt
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Alexandria Egypt old town Alexandria
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Alexandria Egypt lighthouse of Alexandria
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Alexandria Egypt
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Alexandria Egypt library of Alexandria
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Alexandria Egypt
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Alexandria Egypt
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Alexandria Egypt Alexandria Airport
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Alexandria (Alex), City in Egypt
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Alexandria Egypt

Alexandria Egypt Pictures

Alexandria

 

 

 

 

 

 
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