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Egyptian Museum

Overview of the Egyptian Museum

Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum is a world-renowned institution that houses the largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities in the world [1]. It is the oldest archaeological museum in the Middle East, founded in 1858 at Būlāq, moved to Al-Jīzah, and finally settled in its present site in downtown Cairo in 1897-1902 [2]. The museum is unique in its presentation of the whole history of Egyptian civilization, especially of antiquities of the Pharaonic and Greco-Roman periods [2]. With over 120,000 items on display, the museum provides a comprehensive overview of ancient Egyptian history and culture.

The Egyptian Museum is located in the heart of Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo, making it easily accessible to visitors [3]. The museum is situated on a plot of land of about 490,000 square meters, making it the world's biggest museum [4]. The museum complex is spread around 480,000 square meters and is nominated by the [5]. Visitors can explore the museum's vast collection of ancient artifacts, including the treasures of Tutankhamun [6]. The museum's location also offers stunning views of the nearby pyramids and the Sphinx [7].

The Egyptian Museum is an essential institution for anyone interested in ancient Egyptian history and culture. Its collection includes many important pieces of ancient Egyptian history, including the world's largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities [1]. The museum's importance is further highlighted by its role in preserving and promoting Egypt's cultural heritage. The museum is a testament to the rich history and culture of Egypt and is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in ancient civilizations [8].

Exhibits in the Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum houses some of the most fascinating exhibits in the world, including the Royal Mummies. The Royal Mummies Hall is located beneath the Main Hall, and it is specially designed to display the mummies of the ancient Kings and Queens of Egypt [9]. The pharaohs of Egypt were usually mummified and buried in elaborate tombs, and the Royal Mummies Hall provides visitors with a glimpse into the world of ancient Egyptian royalty [10]. Considered the crown jewel of the museum, the Royal Mummies Hall is a must-see for anyone interested in ancient history [11]. Visitors can marvel at the well-preserved mummies of some of the most famous pharaohs, including Ramses II and Hatshepsut [12].
Another popular exhibit in the Egyptian Museum is the Tutankhamun Gallery. The iconic mask of the Golden Pharaoh, Tutankhamun, is one of the most recognizable artifacts in the world, and visitors can see it up close in the museum [13]. The Department of Egyptian Art has also devised a self-guided tour through the New Kingdom galleries called Tutankhamun's World, which provides visitors with an in-depth look at the life and times of King Tutankhamun [14]. The Grand Egyptian Museum, set to open in 2023, will house over 50,000 antiquities, including the fabulous treasure of Tutankhamun, all in one place for the first time in history [15][16].

Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum also features the Animal Mummies Room, which is a fascinating exhibit that showcases the mummified remains of various animals. Mummified animals have been kept in the museum since its inception, with a special room called the Room of Flora and Fauna dedicated to them [17]. The Animal Mummy Room provides visitors with an insight into the role of animals in ancient Egyptian society and religion [18][19]. Visitors can see mummified cats, dogs, birds, and even crocodiles, which were considered sacred by the ancient Egyptians [18]. The Animal Mummies Room is a unique exhibit that highlights the fascinating and intricate beliefs of ancient Egyptian culture.
 

Significance of the Egyptian Museum

 
The Egyptian Museum, located in the heart of Cairo's Tahrir Square, is a significant institution that plays a crucial role in preserving ancient Egyptian artifacts. The museum houses over 120,000 artifacts from ancient Egypt, including the famous Rosetta Stone, the gold mask of Tutankhamun, and the limestone statue of Djoser [20][21]. The museum's collection is considered the largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities in the world [22]. The museum's mission is to conserve and protect these artifacts, ensuring that future generations can learn about and appreciate the rich history of ancient Egypt.
 
The Egyptian Museum also serves as a center for research and education. The museum's collection provides a wealth of information for scholars and researchers interested in studying ancient Egyptian history, culture, and art. The museum offers educational resources, including lesson plans, worksheets, and fact sheets, that can be used in conjunction with a field trip to the museum or on their own [23][24]. Furthermore, the museum is unique in its presentation of the whole history of Egyptian civilization, especially of antiquities of the Pharaonic and Greco-Roman periods [2]. The museum's role in education and research makes it an essential institution for scholars, students, and history enthusiasts.
 
In addition to its significance in preserving ancient artifacts and promoting research and education, the Egyptian Museum also holds cultural and touristic significance. The museum is a popular tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors every year. The museum's collection provides a glimpse into the rich and fascinating history of ancient Egypt, making it an essential stop for anyone interested in history and culture. The opening of the Grand Egyptian Museum, which will house many of the artifacts currently held in the Egyptian Museum, is expected to further boost tourism in Egypt [25][26]. The Egyptian Museum's cultural and touristic significance makes it an essential institution for promoting Egypt's history and culture to the world.
References
1. Egyptian Museum. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_Museum
2.
Egyptian Museum | Artifacts, Antiquities, History, & Facts. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.britannica.com/topic/Egyptian-Museum-Cairo-Egypt
3.
Egyptian Museum in Cairo. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/6511/
4.
Grand Egyptian Museum. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Egyptian_Museum
5.
What You Need to Know About the Grand Egyptian Museum. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.memphistours.com
6.
Egyptian Museum. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.journeytoegypt.com/en/discover-egypt/the-egyptian-museum
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The Grand Egyptian Museum: Everything We Know, .... (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.cntraveler.com
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Egyptian Museum Cairo. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.memphistours.com
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Egypt opens pharaonic mummies hall to visitors at new .... (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2021-04/19/c_139889085.htm
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Royal Mummy Room in The Egyptian Museum. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.memphistours.com
11.
Mummies Hall - NMEC. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from nmec.gov.eg/mummies-hall/
12.
The Mummies Room inside the Egyptian Museum. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.cairotoptours.com
13.
A Virtual Tour through the Tutankhamun Collection at .... (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from egymonuments.gov.eg
14.
Tutankhamun 100 | The Metropolitan Museum of Art. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.metmuseum.org
15.
4700 relics of Tutankhamun successfully exhibited in .... (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.egypttoday.com
16.
Grand Egyptian Museum: Tutankhamun's treasure to be .... (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.en-vols.com
17.
Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.sharm-club.com/egypt/history/animal-mummies-in-egypt
18.
Animal Mummy Room - History Museum in Cairo. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from foursquare.com/v/animal-mummy-room/4ef5b6c202d5abdcb9fe3cf6
19.
Mummies in Egypt. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.amnh.org/exhibitions/mummies/egypt
20.
Top 12 Artefacts of Cairo's Egyptian Museum: 5000 years .... (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from knycxjourneying.com/cairo-egyptian-museum/
21.
Cairo's Egyptian Museum in Artefacts. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from theculturetrip.com
22.
The Egyptian Museum - Discover Egypt's Monuments. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from egymonuments.gov.eg/en/museums/egyptian-museum
23.
Ancient Egypt. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.si.edu/spotlight/ancient-egypt
24.
Educator Resources. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from egyptianmuseum.org/for-educators
25.
The New Grand Egyptian Museum and Local Tourism. (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from www.borgenmagazine.com/grand-egyptian-museum/
26.
Role of The Grand Egyptian Museum in Promoting .... (n.d.) Retrieved June 20, 2023, from jaauth.journals.ekb.eg/article_160582.html
Egyptian Museum
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Egyptian Museum
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Egyptian Museum
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