The Sphinx is the representation of Khéphren, who appeared like a lion
with a human head, responsible for ensuring its necropolis. Topped the
némès with uraeus forehead, it is carved into the rock, living forever
and forever the face turned towards the East. Exercise shooting cannon
made in the Mamluk era, combined with the effect of wind erosion would
be responsible for the destruction of the nose of the Sphinx.
Sphinx Pyramids of Ancient Egypt The Great Sphinx of Giza, near Cairo, is Re-Horakhty, a form of
the powerful Sun God, and is the epitome of royal power and the
protector of the temple doors.
Sphinx Pyramids of Ancient Egypt is a sculpture of stone the oldest and longest of
the Old Empire. Under the XVIIIth dynasty, it was called "Horus
the horizon" and "Horus" in the necropolis, the god of the sun
which is held above the horizon. At times later, many
representations were carved sphinx, smaller or in cameos with
the faces of monarchs rulers. The Great Sphinx is the effigy of
Khépren, the pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty who built the second
of the pyramids of Giza by size. Like the Sphinx, the pharaoh
was regarded as a powerful god.
Carved in a natural limestone outcropping, the Sphinx measure
19.8 meters in height and 73.2 meters in length. It is located
within walking distance of the great pyramid.
Sphinx Pyramids of Ancient Egypt The huge legs lock in a stele which recorded a dream that
Tuthmosis IV did when he was a prince. He dreamt that he had
stopped to rest in the shadow of the Sphinx during a hunting
expedition in the desert. In his sleep, the Sphinx told him,
saying he would become king if he emerged from the sand that was
buried almost whole. When it became king, the Tuthmosis IV
désensabla statue erected a stele and told his dream. Once the
work is completed, a chapel was built around the Sphinx to
venerate the god of the sun.
Sphinx Pyramids of Ancient Egypt The Sphinx is sometimes represented with a woman's face. For
example, a sphinx of Queen Hatshepsut was carved with a beard.
Queen Tiy, wife of Amenhotep III, the first of which was given
traits to a sphinx truly feminine. In addition to a woman's face
imberbe, Sphinx had breasts and wings.