is named after the city of the 100 doors or the city of the sun. It
is formerly known as Taiba. Luxor is the capital of Egypt in the
Pharaonic era. It is located on
the Nile River. It is divided into two parts: the Eastern and the
Western Suburbs. It is the capital of Luxor Governorate in southern
Egypt. It is located between latitudes 25-36 in the North and 32-33
in the East. Luxor Egypt is about 670 km from the Egyptian capital
“Cairo”. Luxor is about 220 km away from the north of Aswan city,
Luxor is about 56 km south of Qena, and Luxor is about 280 km
southwest of Hurghada. It is boarded in the north by Qus Center and
Qena. In the south, it is boarded by Edfu and Aswan. In the east, it
is boarded by The Red Sea. In the west, it is boarded by the Arment
Center and the province of the New Valley.
The nearest seaport to the city is
Safaga port. The nearest airport to it is Luxor International
Airport. The Luxor area is about 416 km2. The inhabited area is 208
km2. It has a population of 487,896 according to the statistics in
2010. Luxor city is administratively divided into five suburbs:
Sharaih Al-Awamiyyah, Old Karnak, New Karnak, Qurnah, Amari, and six
cities and villages belonging to it which are Bayadiya, Adayasat
Bahri, Adayasat Qabli, Tud, Baghdadi and Al-Habil.
It is said that Luxor Egypt includes
about one-third of the world's monuments. It also contains many
ancient Pharaonic monuments, divided into the eastern and western
sides of the city. The eastern side includes the Luxor Temple, the
Karnak Temple, the Kebash Road between the temples, and the Luxor
The western side includes the Valley of the Queens, the monastery of
the city, the temple of Ramessium, and a statue of Memnon.
The establishment of the city of Taibah returns to the fourth
Dynasty around 2575 BC. Until the time of the Middle Kingdom, it was
no more than a group of simple huts, but it was used as a cemetery
to bury the dead. Then, the city of Taiba became the capital of
Egypt in the 11th Egyptian Dynasty by Pharaoh Montuhotep I, who
succeeded in reuniting the country again after the chaos that Egypt
had in the era of the first decay.
Taibah remained the capital of the
Egyptian state until the fall of the rule of Pharaohs and the family
of the thirty-first by the Fors in 332 BC.